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A new way to search for dark matter reveals hidden materials properties
New analysis from Chalmers and ETH Zürich, Switzerland, suggests a promising approach to detect elusive darkish matter particles by means of beforehand unexplored atomic responses occurring within the detector materials. The illustration above is a composite picture (optical, X-ray, computed dark-matter) of mass distribution within the bullet cluster of galaxies. Credit score: Chandra X-Ray Observatory, NASA/CXC/M. Weiss/Wikimedia Commons

New analysis from Chalmers, along with ETH Zürich, Switzerland, suggests a promising approach to detect elusive darkish matter particles by means of beforehand unexplored atomic responses occurring within the detector materials.

The brand new calculations allow theorists to make detailed predictions concerning the nature and power of interactions between darkish matter and electrons, which weren’t beforehand doable.

“Our new analysis into these atomic responses reveals materials properties which have till now remained hidden. They may not be investigated utilizing any of the particles obtainable to us at present—solely darkish matter might reveal them,” says Riccardo Catena, Affiliate Professor on the Division at Physics at Chalmers.

For each star, galaxy or mud cloud seen in house, there exists 5 occasions extra materials which is invisible—darkish matter. Discovering methods to detect these unknown particles which kind such a major a part of the Milky Approach is due to this fact a prime precedence in astroparticle physics. Within the world seek for darkish matter, giant detectors have been constructed deep underground to attempt to catch the particles as they bounce off .

To this point, these mysterious particles have escaped detection. In accordance with the Chalmers researchers, a doable rationalization could possibly be that darkish matter particles are lighter than protons, and thereby don’t trigger the nuclei to recoil—think about a ping pong ball colliding right into a bowling ball. A promising approach to overcome this drawback might due to this fact be to shift focus from nuclei to electrons, that are a lot lighter.

Of their latest paper, the researchers describe how darkish matter particles can work together with the electrons in atoms. They recommend that the speed at which darkish matter can kick electrons out of atoms is determined by 4 impartial atomic responses—three of which had been beforehand unidentified. They’ve calculated the ways in which electrons in argon and xenon atoms, utilized in at present’s largest detectors, ought to reply to darkish matter.

The outcomes had been not too long ago printed within the journal Bodily Evaluation Analysis and carried out inside a brand new collaboration with condensed-matter physicist Nicola Spaldin and her group at ETH. Their predictions can now be examined in darkish matter observatories across the globe.

“We tried to take away as many entry boundaries as doable. The paper is printed in a totally open entry journal and the scientific code to compute the brand new atomic capabilities is , for anybody who desires to have a look ‘below the hood’ of our paper,” says Timon Emken, a postdoctoral researcher within the group on the Division of Physics at Chalmers.



Extra info:
Riccardo Catena et al. Atomic responses to common darkish matter-electron interactions, Bodily Evaluation Analysis (2020). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033195

Quotation:
A brand new approach to seek for darkish matter reveals hidden supplies properties (2020, September 16)
retrieved 16 September 2020
from https://phys.org/information/2020-09-dark-reveals-hidden-materials-properties.html

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